Dr. Atkins is a highly trained oral surgeon who strives to provide you with the highest quality care in a safe, comfortable environment. Dr. Atkins has received extensive training in the fields of medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery. He has expertise in a variety of different procedures involving the teeth, mouth and face. Removal of wisdom teeth is one of the most common procedures he performs.
Your wisdom teeth, also referred to as third molars, are the teeth in the very back of your mouth. They are the last to erupt, often emerging anywhere in your late teens to early twenties. For many, these teeth present a problem.
What are Impacted Wisdom Teeth?
An impacted wisdom tooth is one that becomes blocked as it attempts to erupt through the gums. This frequently occurs because there is not enough room in the mouth to accommodate all 32 teeth. Wisdom teeth may also become impacted because they are tilted or not growing in appropriately. There are several different types of impaction:
- Soft Tissue Impaction: The tooth lacks sufficient space for the gum tissue to retract and allow proper cleaning of the area.
- Partial Bony Impaction: The tooth can only partially erupt through the gums. This can present problems with oral hygiene and may result in other medical issues.
- Complete Bony Impaction: Your jaw has no space for the tooth to erupt, so it stays embedded within the bone. This type of impaction requires a more in-depth surgical procedure to have the wisdom teeth removed.
Issues Caused by Impacted Third Molars
Impacted teeth can result in several issues:
- Infections: A partially erupted wisdom tooth can lead to infections. This is because the space is difficult to clean, therefore bacteria build up around it.
- Gum Disease: If bacteria travel below the gum line, it can cause an infection in the surrounding teeth and jawbone. Gum disease can weaken your bone and cause loose teeth and tooth loss.
- Cysts: Cysts are fluid filled sacs that can develop in the jawbone. They can grow and destroy the bone.
- Dental Crowding and Periodontal Disease: Impacted teeth can grow into their neighboring teeth. This can cause dental disease in the adjacent teeth and can possibly lead to shifting and moving of the neighboring teeth.
Symptoms of an Impacted Wisdom Tooth
Symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth include:
- Swelling and pain at the back of your mouth
- Difficulty and pain when opening your mouth
- Bad breath or a foul taste in your mouth
While most people experience some of the above symptoms, there is also a possibility that you won’t experience any at all. If you suspect your wisdom teeth are impacted, Dr. Atkins will be able to diagnose it with an oral exam and dental x-rays. He can then diagnose your condition and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Do I Need an Extraction?
In many cases, wisdom tooth removal in your late teens or early twenties is the best course of action. However, in certain circumstances, you may not need them extracted. Dr. Atkins will give you a complete oral health examination to determine whether or not tooth removal is right for you.